The high land prices, lack of manpower and the delay in the approval of projects are hindering the implementation of the My House, My Life in Paraná. The housing program, considered one of the main demands of the Lula government to the October elections, has just completed a year ago, but is still far from achieving the goal. Of the 44,172 units planned for the state, less than half had been contracted until the beginning of March: 21,052 units.
The idea of government is to accelerate the contracting of works by mid-year to start putting into practice the Minha Casa, Minha Vida 2, the second phase of the program, whose bases must be known in the next Monday, along with the PAC 2. (Read more on the next page). Throughout Brazil the program fulfilled until the beginning of March, 33% of the target of one million units. "The only geared My House from November last year. The Savings Bank (funder) was on strike for three months. In parallel, states and municipalities slow to mobilize. Even today, the Holy Spirit and Ceará have very low adherence to the program, "said Paul Safady Simon, President of the Brazilian Chamber of Construction Industry (CBIC).
In Paraná, the main difficulty is to find areas to build affordable and manpower to execute the projects, especially in Curitiba. With the housing market heated to almost all income brackets and Terenos shortages, prices have been skyrocketing, a complicating factor to act within the limits imposed by the value of the program, according to Nelson Figueiredo, vice president for social housing the Union of Construction Industry (Sinduscon) in Paraná.
For families with incomes of zero to three minimum wages (U.S. $ 1530), the limit of the purchase price of the Minha Casa, Minha Vida is $ 45,000. For those who earn three to six wages (£ 3060), the ceiling is $ 60,000, and from £ 80,000 to £ 130,000 for those with incomes of six to ten ($ 5, 1 mil).
In Curitiba, the average price of land rose 23% between 2008 and 2009, according to the Instituto Paranaense Research and Development of Real Estate Market and Condominium (Inpespar), linked to the Housing Union and Condominium (SECOVI). But in some areas the rise reaches 40%. "It has been hard work. Land is becoming increasingly scarce, "acknowledges Chaowiche Mounir, president of the Housing Company (Cohab) in Curitiba. "There is a dispute over land between the works of My House, My Life and the infrastructure PAC, which helped to raise prices." With land supply is running out, which increases the concern to enable the next phase .
For the commercial director of construction company Andrade Ribeiro, Ribeiro Erlon Rotta, the program has the great merit of proposing to reduce the housing deficit, but some unexpected obstacles surprised builders - besides the high prices of the areas, the difficulty in finding workers and bureaucracy to approve the projects. "The lack of manpower is already delaying the program," he says, which has two projects - one in Curitiba, in the neighborhood Santa Candida, and another in Araucaria - within the Minha Casa, Minha Vida.
Second Fernando Mehl Mathias, CEO of FMM construction, lack of personnel is worrying. "We need at least another thousand to play our new projects, but we could not find staff in the market," he says, which expects to hire up to 13,000 units in July. The construction company has projects in Curitiba, Pinhais, Paranaguá and Ponta Grossa.
The lack of land in Curitiba also has pushed the program for the metropolitan region. According to Newton Borges dos Reis, a member of the construction and Concept House, can not enable the estate income ranges from zero to six wages without partnership with Cohab. "And projects that migrate to neighboring municipalities ran into lots of areas with environmental restrictions," he says. Of the three projects that the builder has within the program, only one is in the capital - 62 houses. The other two are being built on Admiral Tamandaré.
The delay in project analysis is also making the program progress is slower. According to the companies, a response from the Environmental Institute of Paraná (IAP) may take six months and in some cases up to a year. "The construction closes a pre-contract to purchase the land. When will touch the project after six months to approve it, the owner wants to charge another price, "says Nelson Figueiredo, Sinduscon-PR.
The CBIC estimates that there are 740 000 units awaiting assessment throughout the country. The Savings Bank, who declined to comment, says it will unveil an assessment of the program in the coming days. Last year, many projects submitted by contractors did not meet the specifications, which also caused delays in releases. Between 10% and 15% of the projects are rejected.
Source: Gazeta do Povo